Pakistan was an important country in the subcontinent for various reasons, history, tribal ties, military strategy, passage to and from etc etc. One of the most important aspects of its location is its largest port city called Karachi, which was until 1959 the capital of Pakistan but historically a part of Bombay presidency since 1889. when part of Southern Asian Indian Subcontinent, the Asian continent, which comprises the sub-Himalayan countries and, for some authorities, also includes the adjoining countries to the west and the east, topographically is dominated the Himalayas and the Hindu Kush.
a toponym called Asia dates back to classical antiquity as more a cultural concept” incorporating diverse regions and peoples than a homogeneous physical entity. South Asia is surrounded by Western Asia, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southeastern Asia and the Indian Ocean.
Hence the territory of modern Pakistan was the site of several ancient cultures, including the Neolithic Mehrgarh and the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilisation, and has undergone invasions or settlements by Hindu, Persian, Indo-Greek, Islamic, Turco-Mongol, Afghan and Sikhcultures. The area has been ruled by numerous empires and dynasties, including the Indian Mauryan Empire, the Persian Achaemenid Empire, the Arab Umayyad Caliphate, the Mongol Empire, the Mughal Empire, the Durrani Empire, the Sikh Empire and the British Empire.
As a result of the Pakistan Movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah and India’s struggle for independence, Pakistan wascreated in 1947 as an independent nation for Muslims from the regions in the east and west of India where there was a Muslim majority. Initially a dominion, Pakistan adopted a new constitution in 1956, becoming an Islamic republic. A civil war in 1971 resulted in the secession of East Pakistan as the new country of Bangladesh.
Colonial period influences
The All-India Muslim League rose to popularity in the late 1930s amid fears of under-representation and neglect of Muslims in politics. Allama Muhammad Iqbal called for “the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim State” consisting of Punjab, North-West Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan. Muhammad Ali Jinnah, the founder of Pakistan, espoused the two-nation theory and led the Muslim League to adopt the Lahore Resolution of 1940, popularly known as the Pakistan Resolution.
The modern state of Pakistan was established on 14 August 1947 (27 Ramadan 1366 in the Islamic Calendar) in the eastern and northwestern regions of British India, where there was a Muslim majority. It comprised the provinces of Balochistan, East Bengal, the North-West Frontier Province, West Punjab and Sindh. The partition of the Punjab and Bengal provinces led to communal riots across India and Pakistan; millions of Muslims moved to Pakistan and millions of Hindus and Sikhs moved to India.
Ethnicity and provincial influences:
The name Pakistan literally means “Land of (the) Pure” in Urdu and Persian. It was coined in 1933 as Pakstan by Choudhary Rahmat Ali, a Pakistan Movement activist, who published it in his pamphlet Now or Never, using it as an acronym (“thirty million Muslim brethren who live in PAKSTAN”) referring to the names of the five northern regions of the Indian subcontinent: Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Afghan Province), Kashmir, Sind, and Baluchistan“.The letter i was incorporated to ease pronunciation and form the linguistically correct name.
This history makes Pakistan complexed and beautiful and organic. Different entities living here have different colors
Whether travelling into or out side Pakistan, Karachi is the gate way. Karachi is Pakistan open connection to world, and hence the lifestyle is more progressive, multilingual and multi-cutural in its physical fabric, affects not only the whole country but also impacts the region. it was the capital city of Pakistan in the region for various reasons. that is also the reason why its own ethnic color is bit diluted unlike other provinces, this factor causes friction among the various entities living here resenting the race for resources with in the city.
Now looking at the geographic above one can tell that all Pakistan in order to develop its economy and become a first world country. Pakistan has to maximize upon its a gateway status to the region, develop a mega road, railway, airspace, cargo infrastructure, activate Gawader port, generate income to explore our own natural resources, control all border tribes, civil and princely and feudal states, and distribute resources and profit evenly.