i have worked withe “best” organisations in Pakistan, i strongly believe intelligence, credentials, education, morality,knowledge mean nothing in Pakistan. The haves are as bitter and greedy as the poor!
In every society some people have a greater share of valued resources! these create Social Inequality and Exclusion of a large section of the society!
Material assets such as money, property, education (institutional credibility, and paper certification), health and power than others. (knowledge isn’t included in the list obviously) are an important source of societal power.
these social resources can be divided into three forms of capital
-economic capital in the form of material assets and income;
cultural capital such as educational qualifications and status; and
social capital in the form of networks of contacts and social associations.
Often these three forms of capital overlap and one can be converted into the other. For example a person from a well-off family can afford expensive higher education and so can acquire cultural or educational capital.
Individually What makes people happy is different for everyone — and it’s a good thing! But collectively if the gloom and doom mentality takes over there is a escapist and suicidal pattern that develops unhealthily in the society, recent events have been a proof of that. Pakistanis don’t feel a a sense of well being in the current setup of last five yaers. the government has done nothing to ease this anxiety and there is an inherent indifference on its parts that seems uninterested in the matters of priority no matter how bad the situation gets.
Patterns of unequal access to social resources are commonly called social inequality. Social inequality reflects innate differences between individuals for example their varying abilities and efforts. Someone may be endowed with exceptional intelligence or talent or may have worked very hard to achieve their wealth and status. However by and large social inequality is not the outcome of innate or natural differences between people but is produced by the society in which they live.
The Happiest Countries In The World
The top ten:
- The Bahamas
The happiest place on earth. Denmark ranks at the top of the list. Yep, the country where Van Gogh was shot to death and the controversial cartoon riots began is the happiest place on earth. The citizens of Denmark, the happiest country, have the most leisure time available per day, at 16.06 hours. How did they judge it?
> Life satisfaction score:
> Employment rate:
> Self-reported good health:
> Employees working long hours:
> Disposable income:
> Educational attainment:
> Life expectancy:
unhappiest place on the planet, according to White, is the African nation of Burundi.
In an article published as The 10 Things Economics Can Tell Us About country wise Happiness the author states the following to be major causes of unhappiness
1) Generally speaking, richer countries are happier countries (see above). But since many of these rich countries share other traits — they’re mostly democracies with strong property rights traditions, for example — some studies suggest that it’s our institutions that are making us happy, not just the wealth. More on that in a second.
2) Generally speaking, richer people are happier people. But young people and the elderly appear less influenced by having more money.
3) But money has diminishing returns — like just about everything else. Satisfaction rises with income until about $75,000 (or perhaps as high as $120,000). After that, researchers have had trouble proving that more money makes that much of a difference. Other factors — like marriage quality and health — become more relatively important than money. It might be the case that richer people use their money to move to richer areas, where they no longer feel rich. Non-economists might chalk this up to the “keeping up with the Jones'” principle.
3a) The diminishing-returns principle is true for entire countries, too… The “Easterlin Paradox” suggests that once a developed country passes a threshold average income, more growth doesn’t increase average reported happiness.
3b) … but there might be exceptions — or the whole theory might be wrong!. Betsey Stevenson and Justin Wolfers, disagreeing with Easterlin in a widely read paper, have showed that some countries, such as Japan and Italy, have clearly rising levels of well-being alongside rising GDP.
4) Income inequality reduces well-being, and higher public spending increases well-being. These conclusions have been reached many times … and called into question many times. Most interestingly, “perceived social mobility” might mitigate the effects of income inequality. If people think they can move up the income ladder, they’re willing to tolerate a huge equality gap.
5) Unemployment just makes you miserable. Across most surveys, nothing correlates with unhappiness more than unemployment, except perhaps for bad health. This effect is particularly strong among men in Great Britain, Germany, and the U.S. There is an odd silver lining: Being around lots of other unemployed people makes us feel better about not having a job. So high-unemployment regions can possibly “neutralize” the negative effects of unemployment, but that shouldn’t make you feel good about them.
6) Inflation makes you pretty unhappy, too. But its effect is weaker than unemployment. The mixed evidence seems to suggest that a volatile inflation rate decreases well-being, but in countries with generally stable prices, a little inflation has a small effect on happiness. And guess whose happiness inflation ruins the most? Right-wingers, apparently.
7) Working more hours makes you happier … until it makes you miserable. As workers move from part-time work to full-time work, they’re happier. But as they move from full-time work to Jesus-when-will-this-day-finally-end work, the joy of labor subsides. There seems to be an “inverse U-shaped relationship” between hours worked and subjective well-being, although the precise figures differ across countries. Fascinatingly, one study found that, although working long regular hours correlates negatively with well-being, “working overtime has a positive effect on job satisfaction.” Go figure.
8) Commuters are less happy. The studies here are really interesting. Health scientists say that commuting can make you sick and die — not conducive to happiness. Daniel Kahneman’s research on female happiness found that while commuting, women experienced the “lowest ratio of positive to negative emotions during the day.” One study pegged the magic number at 22: If your commute is more than 22 minutes, there is an appreciable decline in reported well-being. Yet another study found that for every 10 minutes of additional commuting, community involvement falls by 10 percent.
9) Self-employed people are happier. When workers think they’re good at their job and that their bosses like them, they’re more satisfied. So it makes sense that when they are their own boss, they’re happier to work. A famous OECD study found that the self-employed “typically report higher levels of overall job satisfaction than the employed.” But another study suggests that only rich self-employed people are happier to be self-employed.
10) Debt sucks. The kind of debt matters. Mortgage debt doesn’t correlate much with happiness. Credit card debt does — in a negative way. Either way, high debt correlates strongly with anxiety and depression.
Research shows that the one thing that provides happiness is our collective experiences.
24/7 Wall St. examined the 10 countries with the highest life satisfaction scores to find the strongest factors related to happiness.
Economic prosperity appears to be one of the strongest factors that relates to overall life satisfaction.
Employment is one of the most obvious causes of satisfaction
After economic stability, physical and social well-being are the largest determinants for happiness.
Not surprisingly, having enough leisure time affects a person’s mental health and strongly impacts happiness
How to Be Happy as a Pakistani :
Ofcourse we have external factors to be worried about and which affect our own sense of balancing and juggling life in Pakistan. But here is soemthing to look forward to. these expeierinces will actually make us better. for future.
Get Rid of the NEED for material possessions, instead focus on the accumulation of knowledge or skill that results from direct participation in events or activities. Such as philanthropic works of value.
Experiences are open to positive reinterpretations. cos experinces for meomries, collective conciousness and documentation of zietgeist
Experiences are a meaningful part of our identity. often involve economic goals and accomplishments, which usually initiate happy feelings.
Experiences contribute to more successful relationships.Experiencing an event together brings you closer to community. It’s cathartic and even fun to talk about your experience, especially if it was a complete disaster!