Understanding political Islam through Arab Tribes!

dear non-muslims takfiris wahabis salafis n the likes #islam IS SO NOT as apathetic as u make it out to be! its abt concern excitement motivation n passion!

Prophet Muhammad (P.B.U.H) was born into the Banu Hashim clan of the Quraysh tribe.

The Quraysh or Quraish (Arabic: قريش‎, Qurayš; other transliterations include “Quresh”, “Qurrish”, “Qurish”, “Qirsh”, “Qureshi”, “Kuraish”, “Koraish”, “Koreish” and “Coreish”) were a powerful merchant tribe that controlled Mecca and its Kaaba upon the appearance of the religion of Islam.

Remember David Koresh?the leader of the Branch Davidians religious sect? Any way Banu Quraysh — Quraysh was divided into several sub-clans.the sub clans of Banu Quresh later affected Islam in a big way! resulting in the current condition!

Quraysh can be divided into various sub-clans, who in turn branched out into yet further sub-clans. Roughly the division corresponded to the family lines of the current chieftain of that clan having sons. Their dynamics would be interesting to read for those who sincerely want to understand the Islamic vs Jewish (and other racial) problem!

Some clan leaders did not appreciate Muhammad’s (p.b.u.h) claim of prophet hood and tried to silence him by putting pressure on his uncle, Abu Talib. Many of the clans also began to oppose the followers of Muhammad, for example by boycotting them. A number of early Muslims took refuge with the Christian king of Abyssinia,[23] while Muhammad himself would later emigrate to Yathrib, now Medina. The Quraysh fought many battles against Muhammad, one major clash was the Battle of Badr, where the Quraysh were defeated, the event was seen as a turning point for Muslims.

After Muhammad’s conquest of Mecca in 630, he pardoned many of those who had opposed him before, and peace among the different clans was maintained. After Muhammad’s death, clan rivalries reignited, playing central roles in the  Clans and the Caliphate conflicts over the politics  and contributing to the Shia-Sunni divide.

Ali was a member of Muhammad’s clan, the Banu Hashim. Abu Bakr, while a close companion of Muhammad, came from the Banu Taym clan.The second caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, was from the Banu Adi clan.
The third caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, was from the Banu Umayyah clan. When Ali was made caliph after the death of Uthman, the Caliphate was in the hands of the Banu Hashim, but he was almost immediately challenged by Muawiyah, who was a member of the Umayyad clan.[25] After Ali’s assassination at the hands of the Kharajites, the Shi’a hoped his son Hasan would become Caliph, but he was forced to defer to Muawiyah, who, in violation of the treaty signed with Hasan bin Ali, established the Umayyad line of Caliphs.

Banu Abd-al-dar — sub-clan of Quraysh
Banu Abd Manaf — sub-clan of Quraysh
Banu Nawfal — sub-clan of Banu Abd Manaf, clan of Mut`im ibn ‘Adi[26]
Banu Muttalib — sub-clan of Banu Abd Manaf
Banu Hashim — sub-clan of Banu Abd Manaf, clan of Muhammad.
Banu Abd Shams — sub-clan of Banu Abd Manaf, parent clan of Banu Umayyah.
Banu Umayyah — sub-clan of Banu Abd Shams, clan of Abu Sufyan and Uthman ibn Affan
Banu Makhzum — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Khalid ibn al-Walid
Banu Zuhrah — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Sa’ad ibn Abi Waqqas
Banu Taym — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Abu Bakr
Banu Adi — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Umar ibn al-Khattab
Banu Asad (Quraysh) — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Abd-Allah ibn al-Zubayr and Khadijah
Banu Jumah — sub-clan of Quraysh
Banu Sahm — sub-clan of Quraysh, clan of Amr ibn al-As

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